How Does the Microwave Work?

A microwave oven is an appliance that everyone uses everyday. But few people know what principle it works on, how to interact with it correctly, and what utensils to use. Therefore, in addition to this article, we recommend reading the useful information regarding “can you microwave paper plates” –

The knowledge and nuances of using the microwave are necessary not only for more efficient heating of food. It will help to avoid unpleasant situations and untimely breakdowns of equipment and utensils, which cost a lot of money.

How does food warm up in the microwave?


The heating of food takes place on the principle of ultrahigh-frequency radiation, thanks to waves with a frequency of 2.4 MHz. A special device, a magnetron, is used to produce electromagnetic waves. Only the top layer of food is heated, and the inner part of the product gains heat at the expense of the outer layer.

Microwaves work by sending out short, high-frequency waves that cause water molecules in food to vibrate. These vibrations create heat, which cooks the food. Microwaves work best with soft foods like eggs and cheese because they don’t cook them as much as hard foods like meat or vegetables.

In addition, the microwave is equipped with parts such as a waveguide, plate rotation mechanism, working chamber, magnetron cooling fan, etc. Manufacturers can additionally equip these appliances with a grill and convection.

What are the benefits of using a microwave?

Microwaves offer many benefits over traditional cooking methods. Microwaves heat up food quickly and evenly, so your food is cooked evenly and won’t come out tough. They’re also convenient because they can be used in a hurry. Another advantage to microwaving your food is that it doesn’t require any special ingredients or techniques. Just pop in the food and press start

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There are a few things to keep in mind when using a microwave though: always use caution, don’t overload the appliance, and make sure whatever you’re cooking isn’t too thick or heavy. Finally, note that microwaves aren’t completely safe, so take proper precautions when using them, including standing far enough away from the machine that you can’t touch it.

What is prohibited to use in the microwave?


It is strictly forbidden to put metal dishes or plates that have metal lines or patterns in the microwave. First, the food in it will not be able to heat up because the metal is resistant to microwaves. Secondly, it can cause sparks and lead to the malfunction of the device. Avoid products with golden designs.

Do not put crystal containers in the microwave. As a result, your appliance may be damaged because the crystal contains substances that will adversely affect the microwaves. The heating will also be very questionable because the dishes are not uniform. A plastic plate will melt under the influence of microwaves, and a cardboard one will be covered with soot. Ceramic cookware is also questionable.

There are a few risks associated with using a microwave. Firstly, the energy emitted from microwaves can cause burns. Secondly, microwaves can damage food by overcooking it or causing it to explode. Lastly, they can also emit dangerous radiation. All of these risks must be weighed against the benefits of using a microwave, and users should always exercise caution when using one.

What are the different types of microwaves?

Microwaves are one of the most commonly used appliances in the home. They are versatile and can be used for a variety of purposes.

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Over-the-range microwaves are the most common type. They are usually placed above or near the cooktop. These microwaves often have a higher wattage than other types and can be used to cook larger meals or batches of food.

Built-in microwaves are found inside some kitchens. These microwaves typically have lower wattages than over-the-range microwave ovens and may not be able to cook as large a meal. They’re typically smaller in size and are more convenient because they’re located inside the kitchen cabinet.

Countertop microwaves are small, portable units that can be used anywhere in the house. They typically have lower wattages than built-in or over-the-range microwave ovens and may not be able to cook as large a meal as an over-the-range microwave oven.

Smart microwaves are an emerging category of microwave ovens that allow users to control various aspects of their cooking experience via smartphone app or computer interface. This type of microwave is becoming more popular because it allows users to customize their cooking experience by controlling variables such as time, power, temperature, etc…

Convection microwave ovens heat food by using a fan to circulate the air around the food. This technology is often used to cook thicker foods, such as pizza or lasagna, more evenly and quickly than other types of microwaves.

There are also smart convection microwave ovens that allow you to control several features of your meal using an app or computer interface.

Rules for safe use of the microwave oven


To extend the longevity of your microwave and avoid injury, follow these tips:

  • Do not turn on the microwave just because it can cause malfunctions, because the microwaves are not absorbed and the magnetron is damaged.
  • Keep your appliances clean, leaving no food scraps behind. They can cause deterioration of the coating of the walls of the chamber.
  • The doors of the microwave should close tightly. They are responsible for keeping the microwaves inside.
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Also, be aware of the voltage the equipment is powered by, and do not make repairs yourself.


The microwave is simple to use but rather complicated in principle. It heats, defrosts, and speeds up many cooking processes. If you’re just thinking about buying a microwave, familiarize yourself in advance with what items it works with to extend its working life. Don’t lose the opportunity to make the most of your technique. Use the operating and safety rules to prevent unpleasant things from happening.